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Here's How to Protect Yourself When Buying a Puppy

Updated: May 31

Bringing a puppy into your home is an exciting and joyful experience, but it also comes with significant responsibilities. Ensuring that your new furry friend comes from a reputable source is crucial for the puppy's health and well-being, as well as for your peace of mind.


With the rise of online puppy scams and unethical breeders, it's more important than ever to be diligent in your search for a perfect pet. 


picture of gold colored doodle puppy

Let’s walk through the essential steps to protect yourself when buying a puppy, from thorough research to identify reputable breeders, to official purchase or adoption papers.


Research Dog Breeds Thoroughly Before Buying a Puppy

Buying a puppy is a significant commitment that requires careful research to ensure a good fit for your family and lifestyle. The first step is to understand the characteristics and needs of different breeds. Each breed has its own unique traits, such as energy levels, grooming needs, and temperament.


TLDR? Here's a Summary of this Post:


  • Researching dog breeds thoroughly before buying a puppy is essential to find a suitable match for your lifestyle.

  • Distinguishing between reputable breeders and puppy mills is crucial, with reputable breeders prioritizing the health and well-being of their dogs.

  • Utilizing online resources such as breed clubs, kennel clubs, and social media groups can help identify reputable breeders.

  • Red flags for puppy scams include significantly lower prices, requests for untraceable payment methods, a lack of an online presence or significant negative feedback.

  • Understanding health guarantees and contracts offered by breeders is important to protect your investment and the well-being of your new pet.

  • Preparing for the puppy's arrival involves scheduling a veterinary check-up, puppy-proofing your home, gathering essential supplies, and establishing a routine.

  • Supporting ethical breeders not only ensures a healthy and well-adjusted puppy but also promotes better breeding practices and contributes to the overall wellness of dog breeds.


For instance, high-energy breeds like Border Collies require ample exercise and mental stimulation whereas a breed like the French Bulldog may be more suited to apartment living due to its lower activity level.


Once you have identified a breed that matches your lifestyle, distinguishing between reputable breeders and puppy mills is crucial. Reputable breeders prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs, often participating in breed clubs and adhering to strict breeding standards. In contrast, puppy mills focus on mass production, usually neglecting the health and socialization of the puppies.


Utilize online resources to gather information about breeders. Breed clubs and national kennel clubs often have breeder directories and can provide recommendations for breeders who follow ethical practices. Reading reviews and testimonials from previous buyers can also provide insight into a breeder’s reputation. Additionally, forums and social media groups dedicated to specific breeds can be valuable sources of firsthand information and breeder referrals.


Thorough research lays the foundation for a positive puppy-purchasing experience, ensuring that you choose a breed and breeder that will provide you with a healthy, happy pup.


Identifying a Reputable Dog Breeder

The internet is a wild and crazy place. Not to mention big! But there are ways to navigate this wide ocean of information.


Start by looking for breeders who are members of recognized breed clubs or kennel clubs, as these organizations often have strict ethical guidelines that members must adhere to.


Reputable dog breeders often hold certifications that verify their commitment to high breeding standards and animal welfare. They will have their breeding dogs' health tested for genetic conditions common to that specific breed and will be transparent about the results. For varieties that may not be recognized by major kennel clubs, such as various Doodles, it’s essential to seek out breeders who still follow rigorous health testing and ethical breeding practices.


When contacting breeders, prepare a list of questions to gauge their credibility and commitment to ethical breeding. Inquire about the puppy's lineage and whether the parents have titles or awards, as this can indicate their level of dedication to maintaining breed standards. It's also important to ask about the breeder's experience and how long they have been breeding dogs. Ask about their experience and how long they have been in the breeding business, as well as their involvement in breed-specific activities or organizations.


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Additionally, many reputable breeders will provide you with detailed documentation, including vaccination records, health certificates, and registration papers. They will also offer ongoing support and advice, demonstrating their commitment to the puppy’s outcome even after the sale. By carefully evaluating these factors, you can confidently identify a breeder who prioritizes the overall well-being and happiness of their dogs.


Avoiding Puppy Scams and Unethical Dog Sellers

There is no end to the potential scams of unethical sellers. To protect yourself, it's vital to be aware of common red flags and take steps to verify the legitimacy of the seller.



One of the most common scams involves sellers who advertise puppies at significantly lower prices than average. These offers can be tempting but are often too good to be true. Scammers may request payment via untraceable methods like wire transfers or gift cards. Always insist on using secure and traceable payment methods, such as credit cards or PayPal, which offer buyer protection.


Online listings and social media ads can also be risky. To verify the authenticity of these sellers, conduct a reverse image search of the puppy photos. Scammers often use stolen images from other websites. Additionally, check for reviews and testimonials from previous buyers. A lack of online presence or negative feedback can be a red flag. Reliable breeders will have a solid online reputation and positive feedback from past customers.


Be wary of sellers who offer to ship puppies without a thorough vetting process. Ethical breeders are concerned about where their puppies go and will often require detailed information about potential buyers to ensure a good fit. They will typically provide health certificates and vaccination records before the sale, further proving their legitimacy.


By staying vigilant and doing your due diligence, you can avoid scams and unethical sellers, ensuring that your new puppy comes from a reputable source. This includes always using secure payment methods, verifying the seller’s credentials, and being cautious of deals that seem too good to be true.


Protect Yourself with Puppy Health Guarantees & Contracts

When buying a puppy, understanding the health guarantees and contracts offered by the breeder is crucial to protect your investment and ensure the well-being of your new pet. A reputable breeder will provide a comprehensive health guarantee that outlines what is covered and for how long. This guarantee typically includes coverage for genetic conditions and serious health-related issues that may arise within a specific period, often one to two years.


Carefully review the health guarantee to understand the breeder’s obligations and your responsibilities. The guarantee should detail the steps to take if a wellness issue is discovered, including the process for obtaining a refund, replacement puppy, or reimbursement for veterinary expenses. It’s important to note any requirements for regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations, as failure to comply with these terms could void the guarantee.


The purchase contract is another critical document that outlines the terms of the sale. This contract should include detailed information about the puppy, such as breed, date of birth, microchip number (if applicable), and any known health issues. Additionally, the contract should specify the breeder’s expectations for the puppy’s care, such as spaying or neutering requirements, diet, and exercise needs.


Both the health guarantee and the contract should be clear and transparent, leaving no room for ambiguity. If you have any questions or concerns, discuss them with the breeder before signing. By thoroughly understanding these documents, you can ensure that both you and the breeder are on the same page, fostering a positive and responsible relationship centered on the health and happiness of your new puppy.


Preparing for the Puppy’s Arrival 

Bringing a new puppy home is an exciting event, but it requires careful preparation to ensure a smooth transition for both you and your new pet. The first step is to schedule a veterinary check-up as soon as possible. This initial visit is crucial for verifying the puppy’s health, starting vaccination schedules, and discussing preventative care such as flea and tick protection.


Next, focus on puppy-proofing your home to create a safe environment. Puppies are naturally curious and tend to explore their surroundings by chewing and sniffing everything. Secure electrical cords, remove toxic plants, and ensure that small objects that could be swallowed are out of reach. Setting up baby gates can help restrict access to certain areas and prevent accidents.


Gathering essential supplies in advance will make the homecoming smoother. Invest in a quality crate, as crate training is a valuable tool for housebreaking and providing a safe space for your puppy. Select appropriate food and water bowls, chew toys, and a comfortable bed. Additionally, having grooming supplies such as brushes, nail clippers, and puppy shampoo on hand is important for maintaining your puppy’s hygiene.


Establish a routine from day one to help your puppy adjust to their new home. Consistent feeding times, bathroom breaks, and play sessions will create a sense of security and aid in training efforts. Introduce your puppy to their new environment gradually, allowing them to explore under supervision and get accustomed to the sights, sounds, and smells of your home.


The Importance of Supporting Ethical Breeders

Ethical breeders adhere to high standards of care and breeding practices. They also contribute to the preservation and improvement of dog breeds. They are deeply knowledgeable about breed standards and work diligently to maintain and enhance the desirable traits of their chosen breeds. This dedication helps ensure that the puppies not only meet physical standards but also have stable temperaments and good health.


When you purchase a puppy from an ethical breeder, you are investing in a lifelong support system. These breeders are committed to their puppies even after they leave for their new homes, offering guidance and support to new owners. They provide detailed care instructions and are available to answer questions and address concerns throughout the dog's life.


Moreover, ethical breeders play a crucial role in combating the negative impacts of puppy mills and irresponsible breeding. By choosing to buy from an ethical breeder, you help reduce the demand for puppies from substandard sources that prioritize profit over animal welfare.


Supporting ethical breeders not only ensures that you get a healthy, well-adjusted puppy but also promotes better breeding practices, contributing to the overall wellness and quality of life of dogs thus reinforcing responsible breeding practices that benefit the broader canine community.

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Purchasing a puppy is a long-term commitment that requires careful planning and consideration. But there is hope! By thoroughly researching breeds and breeders, recognizing the signs of reputable breeding practices, avoiding scams, and preparing your home, you can ensure a smooth transition for your new furry family member.


Supporting ethical breeders like JennaLee Designer Doodles not only guarantees that you receive a well-bred, thriving puppy but also contributes to the betterment of the breeding community and the overall health of dog breeds. Why not start your journey with us today?


Jenna and the JLDD Team







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